Theories of Personality: Course Description

This course surveys the field of personality from a scientific perspective, examining the general approaches to understanding personality. The key theorists and concepts associated with each perspective are highlighted, along with the strengths and limitations of the different approaches.
 

Introduction to Personality

  • Define personality.
  • Examine theoretical approaches in studying personality.
  • Analyze factors that may influence an individual’s personality development.

Psychodynamic Personality Theories

  • Describe the assumptions, reliability, validity, and applications of psychodynamic personality theories.
  • Analyze the strengths and limitations of psychodynamic personality theories.
  • Analyze individual personality characteristics, using various psychodynamic personality theories.
  • Explain interpersonal relations, using psychodynamic personality theories.

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

  • Describe the assumptions, reliability, validity, and applications of humanistic and existential personality theories.
  • Analyze the strengths and limitations of humanistic and existential personality theories.
  • Analyze individual personality characteristics, using humanistic and existential personality theories.
  • Explain interpersonal relations, using humanistic and existential personality theories.

Dispositional Personality Theories

  • Describe the assumptions, reliability, validity, and applications of dispositional personality theories.
  • Analyze the strengths and limitations of dispositional personality theories.
  • Analyze individual personality characteristics, using various dispositional personality theories.
  • Explain interpersonal relations, using dispositional personality theories.

Learning Personality Theories

  • Describe the assumptions, reliability, validity, and applications of learning personality theories.
  • Analyze the strengths and limitations of learning personality theories.
  • Analyze individual personality characteristics, using various learning personality theories.
  • Explain interpersonal relations, using learning personality theories.
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Statistical Reasoning in Psychology: Course Description

This is an introductory course in applied statistics, with particular emphasis in psychology. Both descriptive and inferential statistics are included. In addition, this course provides the basic statistical background and understanding needed.
 

Research Design and Statistical Terminologies

  • Define research and the scientific method.
  • Compare and contrast primary and secondary data.
  • Determine appropriate measures based on an operational definition for research tools.
  • Select appropriate data collection methods to investigate psychological research problems.
  • Examine the differences between descriptive and inferential statistics and their use in the social sciences.

Descriptive Statistics and Discrete Probability Distributions

  • Calculate measures of central tendency and dispersion.
  • Present descriptive statistical data using graphic and tabular techniques.

Hypothesis Testing and Statistical Significance

  • Formulate a hypothesis using the five-step process. 
  • Perform a hypothesis test using the standard normal distribution.
  • Explain how to use hypothesis testing to evaluate possible solutions to a psychological research problem.

Statistical Inference and Variance

  • Develop a conceptual understanding of the application and interpretation of inferential statistics.
  • Perform an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).
  • Interpret the results of an ANOVA.

Correlation

  • Create a scatter diagram.
  • Determine a correlation coefficient.

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Social Psychology: Course Description

This course provides a unified view of the field of social psychology organized around the concepts of social influence and power and exchange in social life and explores in-depth human thoughts, feelings, and actions as influenced by other people.  Specific topics include socialization, perception of self and others, pro-social and anti-social behavior, attitudes, interpersonal attraction, social influence, and group behavior.
 

Social Psychology and “the Self”

  • Define social psychology.
  • Explain the role of research in social psychology.
  • Define the concept of “the self” in the social world.
  • Apply the concepts of socialization to personal development.

Social Beliefs and Judgments/Beliefs and Attitudes

  • Analyze the social, cultural, and spiritual influences on ethics.
  • Describe the reciprocal relationship between behavior and attitudes.
  • Explain how individuals rationalize their behavior using cognitive dissonance theory.

Group Influence

  • Analyze the impact of group influence on the self.
  • Examine the relationship between group influence and cultural identity.

Persuasion and Conflict

  • Examine the elements of persuasion.
  • Assess the effects of persuasion on the individual in society.
  • Describe the elements of conflict resolution and peacemaking.

Altruism

  • Examine the various motivations to engage in altruistic behavior.
  • Examine the concepts of philanthropy, social activism, and volunteerism in terms of the social exchange theory and pro-social behavior.

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Psychological Tests & Measurements: Course Description

This course will cover the basic principles, research, and theories on testing and measurement of psychological constructs. It is expected that students complete the course with knowledge of various techniques for psychological testing; a familiarity of several professionally developed tests; the ability to develop, administer, and interpret certain tests; and knowledge of measurement theory which includes reliability and validity.
 

Measurement and Methods of Measurement

  • Summarize the major assumptions and fundamental questions associated with psychological testing.
  • Compare and contrast reliability and validity.
  • Analyze psychological measures.
  • Differentiate populations for which a selected psychological measure is valid.

Test Construction

  • Explain the steps in test development.
  • Create a simple test.

Measures of Cognitive Functioning

  • Analyze measures of cognitive functioning.
  • Describe theories of intelligence.
  • Compare and contrast constructs of intelligence and achievement.

Measures of Emotional and Behavioral Functioning

  • Analyze measures of emotional and behavioral functioning.
  • Explain the difference between personality measures and measures of interests and attitudes.

Issues in Psychological Testing

  • Explain the role of ethics in psychological testing.
  • Examine legal issues that affect psychological testing.

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Motivational Processes in Human Psychology: Course Description

This course examines theories and research results pertaining to the structures (self, person, role, and event schemas) and processes (expectations, attributions, and inferences) underlying self and person perception.
 

Introduction to Motivation

  • Identify sources of motivation.
  • Explain the relationship between motivation and behavior.
  • Analyze theories concerning human motivation.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of motivation theories in explaining various behaviors.

Biological Foundations of Motivation

  • Analyze the brain structures and functions associated with motivation.
  • Evaluate the effects of heredity and the environment on motivation.

Motivation and Personality

  • Explain the differences between physiological and psychological needs.
  • Evaluate the effects of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on behavior.

Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect

  • Describe the relationship between arousal and behavior, including performance and affect.
  • Examine historical theories of arousal and emotion as they relate to human motivation.
  • Assess the short-term and long-term effects of stress on the body, the brain, and behavior.

The Function of Emotions as Motives

  • Analyze the methods used in research for uncovering basic emotions.
  • Discuss the facial feedback hypothesis, stressing event-appraisal-emotion sequence.

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Life Span Human Development: Course Description

This course focuses on a historical view of human development leading to the current life span approach to form an understanding of the developing individual, and it explores influences on human development, ranging from individual models to cross-cultural groups. Emphasis is given to personality, social, intellectual, and physical development, and the major theories used to describe how people change throughout their life span.
 

Human Development: Basic Concepts and Methods

  • Explain the life span perspective of development.
  • Identify the development domains and periods.
  • Examine contemporary concerns related to life span development.
  • Analyze theories of life span development.

Biological Beginnings and Infancy

  • Explain how heredity and the environment interact to produce individual differences in development.
  • Examine physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development in infancy.
  • Describe the development of motor, sensory, and perceptual skills in infancy.

Childhood: Early, Middle, and Late

  • Examine physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development in early, middle, and late childhood.
  • Explain how families can impact the development of young children.
  • Explain cognitive changes in middle and late childhood.
  • Describe changes in peer relationships in middle and late childhood.

Adolescence

  • Examine physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development in adolescence.
  • Explain cognitive changes in adolescence.
  • Describe the changes that occur in peer relations during adolescence.
  • Identify strategies for helping adolescents with problems.

Adulthood and the End of Life

  • Examine physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development in early, middle, and late adulthood.
  • Examine the way in which death and dying are viewed at different points in human development.
  • Analyze the roles of cultural contexts in understanding death.

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Learning & Cognition: Course Description

This course concerns the study of learning from the most basic associationistic ideas to complex cognitive behaviors such as problem solving and thinking.  Various ideas regarding the nature of the mind are presented along with the fundamental concepts of learning and conditioning.  Strengths and weaknesses of the memory system are discussed as they relate to higher cognitive processes such as language, problem solving, and eyewitness identification.  Neurophysiological correlates of cognitive phenomena and memory disorders are also discussed.
 

Introduction to Learning and Cognition

  • Define learning and its behavioral component.
  • Describe different types of learning.
  • Analyze the relationship between learning and cognition.
  • Apply learning and cognitive theories to real world situations.

Functionalistic Theories

  • Describe the major theoretical concepts of functionalistic theories.
  • Analyze the modern-day relevancy of functionalistic theories.
  • Examine operant conditioning theory.

Associationistic Theories

  • Describe the major theoretical concepts of associationistic theories.
  • Analyze the modern-day relevancy of associationistic theories.
  • Examine classical conditioning theory.

Cognitive Theories

  • Describe the major theoretical concepts of cognitive theories.
  • Analyze the modern-day relevancy of cognitive theories.

Neurophysiological and Evolutionary Theories

  • Describe the major theoretical concepts of neurophysiological and evolutionary theories.
  • Analyze the modern-day relevancy of neurophysiological and evolutionary theories.

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