The purpose of this course is to familiarize the student with the various methods of inquiry, terminologies, and theoretical systems that comprise the history of psychology. A broader view is used to introduce the modern era of psychology and its use. These include: structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and phenomenological/existential approaches.
Psychology in Historical Perspective: Early Developments
- Examine the roots in early philosophy that lead to modern psychology.
- Identify major philosophers in the western tradition that were primary contributors to the formation of psychology as a discipline.
- Explore the development of the science of psychology during the 19th century.
The Mind/Body Relationships of Psychology
- Examine the historical elements of the study of the physical body and brain in antiquity.
- Describe major developments in medicine and biological studies that contributed to the early field of psychology.
- Identify major historical steps toward the mapping of brain structures that are associated with behavioral processes.
Mental Illness, Mental Health, and Mental Function in the 18th and 19th Centuries
- Identify historical explanations for abnormal behavior and mental illness.
- Identify links between early theories of mental functioning in philosophy and early concepts of mental illness.
- Define the links between the physical body and mental illness from antiquity to the 20th century.
The Formation of Psychology as a Discipline 1850-1950
- Examine the role of evolution theory and naturalist science in the development of psychology in the 19th century.
- Explore the relationship between the practice of medicine and the development of clinical applications of psychology.
- Identify the role of individual differences in the development of psychology and the contributions of Francis Galton.
- Describe the development of psychology experimental laboratories in Europe and the United States.
Psychoanalytic Schools of Psychology
- Examine the development and growth of the psychoanalytic tradition in psychology.
- Identify the major theoretical contributors to psychoanalytic schools of psychology during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
- Define what is meant by psychoanalytic models for psychology and how these are used to explain human behavior.
The Development of Psychology in America
- Identify major contributors to American psychology in the late 19th century.
- Examine the differences in American and European psychology at the beginning of the 20th century.
- Explore the influences that impacted the development of American Behaviorism in the early 20th century.
- Identify early theorists of the structuralist and functionalist schools of psychology.
Logical Positivism and American Behaviorism in Psychology
- Identify the major contributors to Behaviorism in American psychology.
- Distinguish between Classical Conditioning and Instrumental Learning in the early American Schools of Psychology.
- Examine the development of Operant Behaviorism during the 20th century.
Early Developments in the Cognitive Psychology Paradigm
- Identify major points of change from the behavioral to the cognitive paradigm in academic psychology.
- Explore early research on memory and the development of this line of research into modern cognitive-based models.
- Examine major tenets of the Cognitive Psychology Model in relationship to modern psychology research.
The Developing BioPsychoSocial Model of Psychology
- Identify the central issues of biological psychology pertaining to human development and psychological function.
- Examine the role of social psychology in the BioPsychoSocial Model.
- Explain the interrelationship between biological foundations, individual psychological characteristics, and social psychological phenomena.
Effects of Developing Technology on Psychology Research and Practice
- Examine the changes in technology over the 20th century that impacted psychology as it has developed to the present.
- Identify major technologies that have contributed to advancements in the understanding of brain and behavior relationships.
- Examine the role of computers in advancing psychology research.